Surface water monitoring

Knowing the extent and levels of surface water bodies and wetlands is crucial for designing effective water management strategies.

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Water quality monitoring

Clean fresh water is a serious environmental challenge,and Earth Observation has become an increasingly important tool to monitor water quality on a regular basis.

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Monitoring crop and vegetation water demand

Information on irrigated areas and the water demands of crops helps to optimize crop production and the use of limited water resources.

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Hydrological modelling and monitoring

Knowing the expected flow of river systems helps to understand the seasonal dynamics of water availability. This information can be used for planning infrastructure and irrigation or used as an operation forecasting tool to predict river discharge.

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Natural risk management

Earth Observation offers innovative solutions to manage risks and reduce impacts from natural disasters such as drought, flooding and landslides.

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Groundwater mapping and exploitation

Sustainable use of groundwater resources ensures that the benefits from this valuable water source are preserved for long-term development goals.

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Hydrological network mapping

Changes in river courses and coastlines can cause disruption to navigation systems and can act as an indicator for areas vulnerable to erosion.

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Industrial activity assessment

Earth Observation can be used for more sustainable planning of industrial development and can monitor its environmental impact over time.

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Vegetation and land cover characterization

Vegetation and land cover are intrinsically coupled with the water cycle. Mapping the extent of specific land cover types and changes over time is made possible only through Earth Observation.

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Settlement Characterisation

Growing urban human settlements is one of the most significant global trends with wide reaching impact on freshwater resources.

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Digital elevation models

Accurate DEMs are arguably one of the most important sources of spatial information used for managing river basins.

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Thematic base layers

Using thematic base layers makes communication of maps and imagery to stakeholders more effective by fostering a common understanding of location and scale.

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